When we talk about periodontal disease, it’s the type of oral condition which we commonly refer to as gum disease. Dentists call it periodontal disease. It’s the oral health condition which is commonly associated with the bacterial infection that affects soft tissues present in the gums. However, this condition can escalate and infect the teeth and even jawbone. Further escalation in this problem can lead to overall health issues such as diabetes and cardiovascular health disorders.
Gingivitis is also known as the initial stage of gum disease. At this stage, the gun infection is reversible. This problem is usually resulted due to inflammation in the gums which surround the neck of tooth or teeth. The major factor which triggers this issue is plaque which starts infecting the gums with the help of bacteria. Gum bleeding and swelling are the common symptoms of this gum disease. Sometimes, occurrence of bad breath can also point at the existence of this infection. It also means that certain types of oral infections can cause gingivitis. Hormonal chance can also result in the formation of gingivitis. For instance, the most common type of gingivitis that occurs is the pregnancy gingivitis in which the extensive and intense hormonal change might result in this disorder.
Prevention of gingivitis is pretty easier. You will need to make sure that you stick with your best oral health practices in order to keep the bacteria and other germs away from your teeth and gums. Make sure that you have high quality toothbrush for brushing your teeth. Furthermore, you will need to change your toothbrush every now and then in order to avoid infections which can specifically occur due to old toothbrush.
Treatment of gingivitis in order to cure the issue is quite possible, as mentioned above. Since it is the issue which occurs only in the gum area around neck of the teeth, you can get it treated easily. You just need to make sure that you visit your dentist regularly.
Periodontitis is the advance gum disease which tends to infect gums, teeth and jawbone. The reason for its occurrence is same as that of gingivitis. As a matter of fact, it is an advanced form of gum disease which occurs due to transformation of gingivitis into severer infection. This disease allows the passage of bacteria through the gum line towards tooth’s root, endangering the health of entire dental structure.
This form of gum disease can occur due to certain factors which include bad oral habits, smoking and oral health infections. Periodontitis doesn’t stop at infection just the oral cavity. This problem can further cause other health infections such as diabetes, cardiovascular health disorder and even oral cancer.
In order to get this problem contained, you need to visit your dentist regularly. Moreover, you have to make sure that you stick with your oral hygiene in prescribed way.